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欧洲专利创造性判断中“bonus effect”

时间:2017-04-13 21:36来源:刘东华博士 作者:刘东华博士 点击:
欧洲专利创造性判断中“bonus effect”
EPO审查指南规定了红利效果例外。
预料不到的技术效果通常可以支撑创造性,但并不是只要具有预料不到的技术效果就一定有创造性。
如果缺乏可选替代要素而形成一种唯一通道时,即使有益效果是预料不到的,发明仍不具有创造性,因为这种预料不到的有益效果被视为是“红利效果”(bonus effect),是技术发展的必然,而不是创造性的突变发展。

Guidelines for Examination in the European Patent Office
November 2016
Part G – Patentability
Chapter VII inventive step
10. Secondary indicators
10.2 Unexpected technical effect; bonus effect
However, if, having regard to the state of the art, it would already have been obvious for a skilled person to arrive at something falling within the terms of a claim, for example due to a lack of alternatives thereby creating a "one-way street" situation, the unexpected effect is merely a bonus effect which does not confer inventiveness on the claimed subject-matter. If the skilled person would have to choose from a range of possibilities, there is no one-way street situation and the unexpected effect may very well lead to the recognition of an inventive step.
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